In the past, it wasn’t uncommon for people to apply baby oil and use sun reflectors to tan their skin.
However, we now know that most skin cancers are caused by UV exposure and that skin cancer is quite common. In fact, one-in-five Americans will be affected by skin cancer in their lifetime.
So, how can you reduce your risk? In addition to wearing a daily broad-spectrum sunscreen with a 30 SPF or higher, it’s also important to be well-informed about the different types and presentations of skin cancer.
Continue reading to learn more about dermatology and skin cancer detection.
Actinic Keratosis are precancerous lesions and appear as red or brown spots that are somewhat tender and won’t heal.
Once properly diagnosed, these bumps can be treated with cryotherapy, topical creams, or photodynamic therapy.
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
Of all skin cancers, basal cell carcinoma is the most prevalent. It is caused by harmful UV rays, from natural sunlight, tanning beds, or radiation, and is often found on sun-exposed areas like the scalp, face, neck, chest, back, arms, hands, legs, and feet.
BCC typically presents as a pimple-like bump and may transform into a shiny patch of skin or something that looks like a scar.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)
Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common skin cancer and is also a direct result of UV exposure. Accordingly, it tends to occur on the lips or nose, as well as the scalp, ears, neck, and extremities.
Patients may note that SCC initially resembles a scaly patch of skin. Later, it may take the form of a bump that won’t heal or a wart-like growth.
When it comes to dermatology and skin cancer, melanoma is the rarest, but most-feared form, and can be deadly. If not diagnosed and treated early, it can spread and affect vital organs like the brain and lungs.
Melanoma often presents as a brown or black, or flesh-toned mole that is evolving. Look for any changes in your moles in terms if asymmetry, irregular borders, color, and diameter (larger than a pencil eraser).
Additionally, any lesion that’s itchy, painful, or bleeds should be evaluated by a board-certified dermatologist as soon as possible.
Call Today to Schedule a Dermatology and Skin Cancer Screening
If you have a specific concern or would like a full-body scan, please call our office today to schedule a dermatology and skin cancer screening with Dr. Johnathan Langston Chappell.